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El Xurés and El Invernadero, two references on climate change

Sunday, 22 July, 2012

In the Baixa Limia, specifically in the municipality of Lobeira, in the Monte das Motas, near O Viso, the Catalan Institute of Climate Sciences (IC3) built a booth to install the necessary instruments to study the incidents of the weather. Both this station and that stationed in the O Invernadeiro park are two of the most advanced facilities in Europe to measure the impact of climate change.

Both Ourense parks host two stations, which are two of the eight distributed throughout the peninsula and which form the ClimaDat sampling network (LTCRS, which stands for long-term climate research sites). All are placed in areas of great natural interest to observe in real time the climate, its changes as well as its impact.

Greenhouse gases

The ClimaDat project is the fruit of the collaboration between the Catalan Institute of Climate Sciences and the Obra Social de la Caixa. They will obtain the necessary data to make a balance of greenhouse gases on a regional scale, which in turn will feed international databases.

In the Galician case, the parks of Xurés and O Invernadeiro have been chosen because it has been observed that the observation of the natural and anthropic contribution of both spaces to greenhouse gases and their relationship with the biological, geological cycle and chemical nitrogen and the differences between the moisture balance, are the great contributions of both stations. The data collected throughout the network will be freely accessible to the entire scientific community. These small centers are dynamic facilities that will evolve in instrumentation according to the new scientific challenges that arise and will be accessible for collaboration with other research groups.

Oceanic atmosphere

The trans-border natural park of Baixa Limia-Serra do Xurés occupies 20,920 hectares, adjoins the Peneda-Gerês park in Portugal, and its climate domain is the western ocean in the Limia valley, as well as an oceanic mountain climate in its elevated areas. In O Invernadeiro, with its 5,722 hectares, it dominates the oceanic mountain climate with features of continental climate. The watersheds of the Ourense rivers are sensitive to the action of the human being. Although they have similar characteristics of rains, the degree of humidity in the parks is different, they assure responsible for the IC3, which is demonstrated in the vegetation.